Mysterious Myanmar. Many in their childhood have heard tales about King Pagan. But few people know that the Pagan kingdom really exists. In two weeks, we will see the most diverse Myanmar: visit the famous Mandalay, explore the territory of the giant temple complexes of the ancient capital of Bagan, spend two days on a hike through the mountain villages, and, breathing the air of the Inle mountain lake, we go down to the centre of modern Myanmar to Yangon
Arrival in MANDALAY.
Meeting with the Russian-speaking guide. Transfer to the hotel, accommodation in the room. City tour:
- Pagoda Mahamuni, where is stored in 1784 brought from the conquered Arakan Kingdom 4-meter statue of Buddha, which, according to legend, was attended by Gautama Buddha himself. It is the most ancient Buddha statue in Myanmar. The statue enjoys profound respect from the Buddhists of Myanmar. Pilgrims attach plates of gold leaf to it. Today in the pagoda is stored a unique gong, weighing 5 tons.
- The Shweinbin monastery, built in 1895 by Chinese merchants, consists of many impressive ornaments carved from wood, and contains several remarkable works of art from the era of the Burmese kingdoms.
- Shwe Nan Daw ("Golden Tsar's Monastery"), the building of which is a magnificent example of ancient architecture.
- Pagoda Kutodaw (Kuthodaw), where is "the world's largest book" - carved on 729 marble slabs the full text of the Pali canon. It is believed that this is the largest book in the world. Its total weight exceeds 1200 tons. Cutting Tripitaka began in 1860 and finished only in 1869. In addition to the sacred texts, on the plates the names of the most devoted kings are also carved.
Meet the sunset on the hill of Mandalay Hill, from where you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the city. Overnight in Mandalay.
MANDALAY - AMARAPURA - MINGUN – MANDALAY
After breakfast drive to Amarapura, visit the main attractions:
- The famous monastery Mahagandayon is the largest monastery in Myanmar, the abode and place of meditation of 1,500 monks. Part of the monastery is the famous theological school, dedicated to the original teachings of the Buddha. Often, children are sent to this monastery in order that they receive an elementary education here.
- U Bain is the longest and oldest teakwood bridge in the world, dating back more than 200 years (the bridge was built in 1782, when Amarapura was the royal capital).
Boat excursion to Mingun city (45 minutes upstream), famous for its pagodas and bells, including the biggest ringing bell in the world.
Mingun is a former royal residence on the banks of the Irrawaddy River, thanks to which many sights are concentrated in the city.
- The magnificent white pagoda of Szymbane (Hsinbyume). This beautiful and unique complex was built by the ruler of Burma Bagidau in 1816. The reason was the desire to perpetuate the memory of one of his many wives - the Princess Symbane. The pagoda around the main building has seven terraces, made in the form of frozen stone waves, which are the symbol of seven mountain peaks, which must be overcome, making such an important and responsible ascension to the shrine. On all seven terraces the masters made special excavations, in which there are five statues of representatives of the animal world from Burmese mythology.
- Bell Mingun, which is considered as one of the largest bells in the World.
Return to Mandalay. Overnight at hotel in Mandalay.
MANDALAY - MONYWA - caves Po Win Daung - MANDALAY
Early departure to Monywa is a typical Burmese city on the Chindwin River. On the way, visiting the Thanboddhay pagoda on the walls and vaults of which there are over 500,000 Buddha images. Visiting 10,000 seated Buddhas and the largest statue of a reclining Buddha in Myanmar (100m long and 27m high).
In the afternoon excursion to the caves of Po Win Daung. This amazing complex consists of 947 sand caves carved into volcanic lava. Po Win Daung is newly opened to visit, keeps unique Buddha images and precious frescoes, some of which date back to the early 17th century. A few hundred meters from the caves, Shwe Ba Daung is located - this is another very interesting place, where monasteries and temples are carved from narrow rocky cliffs.
At the end of the day return to Mandalay. Overnight at hotel in Mandalay.
MANDALAY – Mt. POPA – BAGAN
After breakfast, transfer to Mount Mt. Popa ("Pop" in Sanskrit means "flower").
Mt. Popa - an extinct volcano (1518 meters high). Mt. Popa plays a key role in the culture, religion and history of the country since ancient times. Its shrine is dedicated to the worship of 37 Nats -, the Burmese ancient animistic spirits.
Transfer to Bagan, accommodation at the hotel.
Bagan (Pagan) is one of the largest and most significant archaeological zones in the World, the former capital of the country, a huge cult center. Here there are about 2200 historical buildings created in different periods of the country's existence. Overnight at hotel in Bagan.
Breakfast in the hotel. Full day excursion around the city of Bagan:
- The cave temple of Htilominlo (Hti-lo-min-lo) was built in 1218. This is the last grandiose construction of the Bagan epoch and at the same time the culmination of the ancient art of ancient Burma. The temple is also known for its unique gypsum carved ornaments. These are eight Buddha images, four of which are located on the lower tier of the temple, and four more are on the upper tier.
- Temple U Pali Thein,
- Temple Bu Buya (Bu-hpaya) - "Pumpkin Pagoda". According to legend, Pyusawhti saved the land from the "bu" - pumpkin-like climbing plants that infected the banks of the rivers. As a reward, he became heir to the throne of Bagan and his third king. Bu Paia is located on the bank of the Irrawaddy River, it is believed that the pagoda was built in the 3rd century. AD King of Pyusawhti. The form of the pagoda is a typical example of the architecture of the Pew times, when the pagodas were built in a cylindrical form and were not particularly decorated.
- Mahabodhi Temple (Maha-bodhi-hpaya) is unique in that it is a copy of the great Mahabodhi temple in India, which is one of the four main Buddhist shrines of the world. In memory of the place where Buddha attained enlightenment. Mahabodhi Temple (Maha-bodhi-hpaya) was built during the reign of King Nantaungmya (1211-34).
- The Godopalin Temple (Gawdaw-palin),
- Temple Shvegudzhi (Shwe-gu-gyi) began to be built in 1131 under King Alaungsith, and after the construction was completed, Alaungsit was assassinated by his son in 1163.
- Temple of Ananda (Ananda-gu-hpaya-gyi)), in which there are four gilded statues of Buddhas and many sculptural images of Buddha in the niches of temple galleries. The temple symbolizes the infinite wisdom of the Buddha
- The highest temple in the country is Tatbinyu (That-byin-nyu) (61 m).
Meeting the sunset on Shvezando (Shwe-hsan-daw Paya). Overnight at hotel in Bagan.
After breakfast, the equestrian crew will come for us, and we will continue studying Bagan. Inspection of the temples of the city:
- Kubyauji (Gu-byauk-gyi), in which ancient frescoes based on jatak (stories about the past lives of the Buddha) were preserved.
- Tayokepyay in the village of Min Nan Thu.
- Phaya Thone Zu - this unusual and intriguing temple is a triad of temples, united by narrow, vaulted aisles. All three temples have the same shape: a square in plan, tapering upward and turning into a stupa. On the perimeters of the temples are laid small terraces, decorated with turrets in the corners.
The exact date of construction of Phaya Thone Zu is unknown. Presumably, it was erected in the late 13th century.
Interestingly, the walls, pilasters and vaulted ceilings of the eastern temple and part of the central temple are covered with paintings, while the walls of the western temple are completely bare. This suggests that Phaya Thone Zu was not completed.
- Nandamanya is famous for its well-preserved exquisite frescoes.
- Kyat Kan Save is the famous meditation center of Bagan.
- Dhammayandzhi Temple (Dhamma-Yan-Gyi) - a two-level temple of Dhambai, built in the shape of a pyramid, produces a lasting impression of a structure from another civilization: either the Babylonians built, or the ancient Indians from Mesoamerica. The construction of the temple is attributed to King Naratu, who was thirsting for power, killed his father and strangled his own brother. According to legend, Naratu punished for the execution of Hindu rituals his wife is the daughter of the King of Sri Lanka. In retaliation, the angry father sent 8 soldiers who arrived in Pagan under the guise of priests and killed Naratu right in the temple of Dhambai.
- Sulamani Temple (Sula-mani-gu-hpaya) - was built in 1181 by the order of King Narapatitsu and is a combination of two styles of Burmese architecture: early and medieval style. The first is characterized by horizontal and planar objects of the exterior, for the second opposite the vertical direction. The temple stands on the terrace and has two floors, which gives it a resemblance to the pyramid, its brickwork is considered one of the best in Bagan. The temple complex is surrounded by a high wall, at one time hundreds of monastic cells were attached to its inner side, but to this day they have not survived. Pagodas are at the corners of the main terrace.
Inside the Sulamani temple is a sample of the decorative traditions of Bagan: carved cornices, pediments and painted walls.
In the afternoon, continue the tour:
- Visit an unusual workshop, where laborious work makes bamboo products.
- The Temple of Manuha was erected in the middle of the 11th century under the monk King Manukh, who was imprisoned in Bagan at that time. In the temple, there are three sculptures of the sitting Buddha and one lying, which are placed in small rooms, which symbolizes the suffering of Manuhi in custody.
- The temple of Jails Nanpeya (Nan-Hpaya) is still a mystery, because inside it are images of the four-headed Hindu god Brahma, whose presence is not characteristic of Buddhist temples. Pagoda Shwezigon (Shwe-zi-gon Paya) - the main attraction of Bagan, a great pagoda, the construction of which was started by the founder of the royal dynasty by King Anavrata, and completed by King Kuansitha. The title is translated as "Pledge of Victory". The pagoda keeps sacred relics - the tooth of the Buddha, donated by the king of Sri Lanka, the bud of the Buddha and his bandage. Today Shwemzigon is the only gilded pagoda in the city. Under the rays of the hot tropical sun it shines like the sacred mountain Meru. Overnight at hotel in Bagan.
BAGAN – HEHO – lake INLE
Breakfast. Transfer to Bagan airport. Internal flight to Heho (Shan). Meeting at the airport. Moving along the picturesque road to Inle Lake.
- A boat trip on the picturesque Inle Lake, surrounded by magnificent examples of Khmer architecture. We get acquainted with the local exotic and see floating villages, get acquainted with the way to manage the oar with the help of a foot, which is used by local oarsmen. Visiting the Phaun Do Do Pagoda is the main religious shrine of the local inhabitants, where five holy statues are stored, which in the 12th century was brought from Malaysia by King Alaungtsithu.
- Visit the weaving village of Inpawkhon, the village of "women with long necks" Long Neck Women of the Padaung tribe, the monastery of Leaping cats. Overnight at the hotel on the shore of Inle Lake.
Lake INLE - INN DEIN - Lake INLE
After breakfast, we will take a boat trip, visit the market, where the tribes of the mountains meet with the Children of the Lake to exchange goods. Visits to the village of Inn Dein, in the southern part of the lake, where there are pagodas built in the II century AD. E. Climb to the mountain, from where you can see a magnificent view of Inle Lake and the Inn Dein pagoda.
Return to the hotel. Overnight at the hotel on the lake Inle.
Lake INLE - Heho - YANGON
After breakfast, transfer to the airport. Internal flight to Yangon. Meeting with the Russian-speaking guide. Transfer to the hotel, accommodation in the room.
Yangon is the cultural and economic center of the country, the former capital of Myanmar. The city was founded by the great king Alaunpaea, who completed the unification of the Burmese lands and renamed the village of Dagon from Shwedagon Pagoda to Yangon, which means "end of hostility". But most citizens prefer a more poetic version of the translation - "city of the world." This city is a park with ponds and natural lakes, built up with ancient pagodas and colonial mansions, literally drowning in greenery.
- Pagoda Sule, built in the beginning of the 3rd century. According to an ancient legend, it stores the hair of the Buddha himself. That's why in the translation from the language of Mont, its name sounds like "Pagoda containing sacred hair".
Walk through the historic center of Yangon to the largest bazaar of Bogyoke.
- Monastery Chaukhtetgyi Pagoda, where there is a huge statue of the reclining Buddha - 65 meters long.
- The Shwedagon Pagoda, renowned by Rudyard Kipling, is one of the most sacred places in Myanmar. The history of the majestic Shwedagon Pagoda leaves in the time of the Buddha Gautama. According to legend, he gave the two brothers-traders eight hair from his head and ordered to bury them at the sacred hill. Where relics of previous Buddhas were buried. People found this place. The hair of Gautama and the relics of other Buddhas were covered with a golden plate and buried, and above this place was built a pagoda. At first silver, tin, copper, lead, marble and, finally, iron pagodas were built. Today it is one of the most impressive religious monuments in the world. A huge dome with a spire 98 meters’ high is covered with 60 tons of gold. The pagoda stands on a hill and is visible from anywhere in the city. A massive bell in the form of a stupa is covered with gold, and the foot of the stupa is crowned with diamonds and rubies, sapphires and topazes-a spectacular sight, especially at sunset, and the most suitable place to start our journey through the "Golden Earth".
In the evening, if desired, dinner at the Karaweik Hall Royal (extra charge)
- The royal barge of Karavake on Lake Kandoji, built in 1972-74. The building is very exotic and resembles a huge mythical bird. Today there is a restaurant where folkloric performances take place.
Overnight at hotel in Yangon.
YANGON - GOLDEN ROCK (Chaittio) - YANGON
Early morning departure to Chaittio, visiting Golden Rock (Chaittio Pagoda).
The Chaittio Pagoda (or the Golden Stone) is a famous Buddhist shrine to the east of Yangon on the top of Mount Chaittio in Burma and a place of pilgrimage in the state of Mont in Myanmar. The height of the pagoda is 5.5 meters, and it is on top of a granite stone, balancing on a ledge of rock. The stone is covered with gold leaf. According to one legend, the stone was placed on a rock by two Burmese perfumes about 2500 years ago. According to another, in the pagoda the Buddha's hair is immured, which prevents the stone from slipping off the ledge. It is believed that a woman can bring down a stone, therefore women are not closer to the shrine than 10 meters to a shrine. The golden rock attracts many pilgrims. Buddhists from all over the world rise to the golden stone along a 16-km long path. A magnificent view opens from the mountain.
Return to Yangon. Overnight at hotel in Yangon.
YANGON - NGWE SAUNG Beach
Breakfast. Transfer without a guide to the beach resort of Ngwe Saung Beach (route 6-7 hours). Hotel accommodation.
Relax on the beach.
Overnight at the hotel in Ngwe Saung.
NGWE SAUNG Beach - YANGON
Transfer without a guide to Yangon airport (route 6-7 hours).
Check-in for a flight.
INCLUDED IN THE PRICE:
THE PRICE DOES NOT INCLUDE:
The recalculation of the tour with accommodation in other hotels according to the program, an extra bed and the cost for the child upon request.
At your request, we will make changes to any difficulty on the tour, and add additional options and services that will make your stay even better!
Be sure to check the prices before booking! Variations in the price are possible due to an increase in the rates, changes in the exchange rates.